France has just enacted a "right to disconnect" law, which requires companies of 50 or more employees to shut down email to their employees' mobile phones and devices after work hours.
Discrimination can be defined as prejudicial or unfair treatment of a person based on their race, religion, age, sex or healthcare status. Federal employees are protected by law against any such treatment. If you believe you have been the victim of discrimination; as a federal employee there are specific steps that need to be taken before you can file a formal complaint. They are as follows:
In Washington D.C. and across the U.S., it is the goal that gender-based discrimination will eventually become a thing of the past. However, there is still a stigma and potential retaliation against women who get pregnant. Although women should not be subjected to a denial of benefits or a violation of their employee rights if they choose to have a child, it still does happen.
Employees in Washington, D.C., may not always agree with the decisions made by their employers. Sometimes these are simply internal policy decisions, but in other cases employers may commit acts that violate the law, for example, laws against workplace discrimination or violations of workplace safety laws. Employees who find out that such transgressions have occurred in their workplace may want to take action against their employer, but they may fear retaliation, including losing their job.
Usually the news that a woman is expecting a child is a celebrated announcement. However, some employers in Washington, D.C., view such an announcement less jovially. In fact, in some cases a woman will be discriminated against or otherwise treated unfavorably in the workplace simply because she is pregnant or has given birth to a child.
Many Washington, D.C., residents at some point in their lives have had to take time off of work due to the birth of a child, an extended illness or to care for a sick loved one. These situations carry a lot of importance, for workers and their loved ones. Unfortunately, for many people, having to take an extended period of time off of work can cost them financially, particularly if such leave is unpaid.
Many occupations in Washington, D.C., require a worker to work above and beyond the standard 40-hour workweek. While many workers will willingly do so, it is important that they are properly compensated for their efforts. In some circumstances, workers may be entitled per federal law to overtime pay. Workers whose occupations fall under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) will be classified as either "nonexempt" or "exempt." This distinction is important. Under the FLSA, workers who are nonexempt may be paid overtime in certain circumstances. Exempt workers are not entitled to overtime wages.
Many Washington, D.C., workplaces provide female employees with paid maternity leave benefits, recognizing the important role a mother plays in her child's early development. However, fathers also play a critical role in a child's early life, and in recognition of this, more workplaces are starting to offer male workers the opportunity to take paid paternity leave.